FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT: TALIESIN. THE SELF-SUFFICIENT COMMUNITY
28-29 October 2017
The first session of the MIES é + cycle of the 2017-2018 academic year at the Galician Centre for Contemporary Art was dedicated to the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Considered one of the three great masters of the modern movement, he had a great impact on the architects of his time.
She grew up in a rural Wisconsin environment where community feeling and contact with nature were very important. He also had the opportunity to play with the building blocks of the German psychopedagogue Friedich Froebel, being one of the first children to become an architect by playing with these toys. He learned his profession by working because he left university and was fortunate enough to collaborate in one of the most important studies of the so-called Chicago School.
Through his work we were able to learn the importance of his family experiences in his prairie houses such as the Robbie House or the altruistic project for the Unitarian Temple in Oak Park. In these works, besides the building, he also designed part of the furniture and it was already possible to appreciate the influence of oriental culture on his designs.
A forerunner of so-called organic architecture, he was also concerned with urban planning and designed utopian cities such as Broadacre City.
He also founded the Taliesin communities, where architecture students from all over the country came to learn from the master. They were isolated places in the world where they lived together for the purpose of learning and whose design was Wright’s own.
Finally, we saw some of its great buildings such as the Guggenheim Museum in New York or the Johnson Wax headquarters to finish his most prestigious work, the Kaufmann House or Casa de la Cascada. Legend has it that he drew it in just a few hours after an ultimatum from his client who, tired of waiting, called to tell him that he would plant himself in his studio to see the advances.
It was precisely these works that we decided to build with Super Lupo. First of all, we emulated the large cylindrical capital pillars at the Johnson Wax site to perform a load test, just as we did in the original construction. Finally we recreated the Cascade House with its impossible overhangs and we had to apply ourselves thoroughly to reinforce the points where the bending forces were greater.
In short, it was a great day where we were able to learn something about culture, design, town planning, history and structures thanks to the great American master.
Selection of the material used